Tag Archives: Health Inequalities

Finding the evidence: Health inequalities, equality and diversity

By Public Health England (2016)

Health inequalities are systematic and avoidable differences in health and wellbeing between groups of people or communities.
This resource has been prepared by the Public Health England Knowledge and Library Services Team to help people working in public health, identify the best evidence for making decisions around health inequalities.
The conceptual and legal frameworks for considering health inequalities and equality are related but slightly different. Health inequalities are avoidable and unfair differences in health status between groups of people or communities. Equality and diversity in the UK reflects concern with promoting good relations, ensuring equality of opportunity and eliminating discrimination.

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How effective are interventions at reducing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among children and adults? Two systematic reviews

By National Institute for Health Research (2015)

Tackling obesity is one of the major contemporary public health policy challenges and is vital in terms of addressing health inequalities. This paper discusses the results of two systematic reviews and found some evidence of interventions with the potential to reduce low-socioeconomic status inequalities in obesity and that obesity management interventions do not increase health inequalities.

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Tackling health inequalities: the case for investment in the wider public health workforce

By Royal Society for Public Health Vision, Voice & Practice (2014)

This report calls for greater investment and better understanding of the impact of the wider public health workforce – people who are not professionally qualified public health practitioners, but have the ability or opportunity to positively impact public health in their community. This includes health trainers, health champions, and non-health professionals. It argues that this “wider workforce” could be instrumental in reducing the burden of health inequalities – the financial cost of which was last estimated at close to £60bn.

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Body mass index thresholds for intervening to prevent ill health among black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups

By NICE (2014)

This briefing recommends lowering BMI thresholds as a trigger for intervening to prevent ill health among adults from minority ethnicities. Further examples of recommendations include developing an integrated regional and local plan, and promoting early intervention among minority groups. It also suggests that by reconfiguring services to meet the health needs of their local populations, local authorities can reduce health inequalities and address the costs associated with ill health.

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Improving the public’s health: a resource for local authorities

By The King’s Fund (2013)

This report brings together a wide range of evidence-based interventions about ‘what works’ in improving public health and reducing health inequalities. It presents the business case for different interventions and signposts the reader to further resources and case studies.

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Community engagement to reduce inequalities in health

By National Institute for Health Research (November 2013)

This systematic review examines the evidence on whether community engagement helps to reduce health inequalities. The aim of the study was to identify theoretical models underpinning community engagement; to explore mechanisms and contexts through which communities are engaged; to identify community engagement approaches that are effective in reducing health inequalities, under what circumstances and for whom; and to determine the processes and costs associated with their implementation.

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