Category Archives: Obesity, Nutrition

Green space and health

By Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) (2016)

A range of bodies, including government agencies, have promoted the possible physical and mental health benefits of access to green space. This briefing summarises the evidence for physical and mental health benefits from contact with nature, such as reducing rates of non-communicable diseases, and the challenges for urban green spaces.

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Building the foundations: tackling obesity through planning and development

By Local Government Association (2016)

This report outlines the actions and role that councils can take in helping to prevent and reduce the prevalence of obesity. It examines the role of town planning in contributing to the public health agenda and includes examples from various local authorities around the country. 

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Tipping the scale: case studies on the use of planning powers to limit hot food takeaways

By Local Government Association (2016)

This report contains seven case studies to illustrate how the use of planning powers could be utilised as part of public health policy locally. It highlights the balance to strike between supporting growth of local businesses and promoting healthier choices and options for the population.

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Child obesity cut-offs as derived from parental perceptions: cross-sectional questionnaire

Black, J.A (2015) British Journal of General Practice, 

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Abstract

Background Overweight children are at an increased risk of premature mortality and disease in adulthood. Parental perceptions and clinical definitions of child obesity differ, which may lessen the effectiveness of interventions to address obesity in the home setting. The extent to which parental and objective weight status cut-offs diverge has not been documented.

Aim To compare parental perceived and objectively derived assessment of underweight, healthy weight, and overweight in English children, and to identify sociodemographic characteristics that predict parental under- or overestimation of a child’s weight status.

Design and setting Cross-sectional questionnaire completed by parents linked with objective measurement of height and weight by school nurses, in English children from five regions aged 4–5 and 10–11 years old.

Method Parental derived cut-offs for under- and overweight were derived from a multinomial model of parental classification of their own child’s weight status against school nurse measured body mass index (BMI) centile.

Results Measured BMI centile was matched with parent classification of weight status in 2976 children. Parents become more likely to classify their children as underweight when they are at the 0.8th centile or below, and overweight at the 99.7th centile or above. Parents were more likely to underestimate a child’s weight if the child was black or South Asian, male, more deprived, or the child was older. These values differ greatly from the BMI centile cut-offs for underweight (2nd centile) and overweight (85th).

Conclusion Clinical and parental classifications of obesity are divergent at extremes of the weight spectrum

What works in schools and colleges to increase physical activity?

By Public Health England (2015)

This briefing provides an overview from the evidence about what works in schools and colleges to increase levels of physical activity among children and young people. It is aimed at head teachers, college principals, staff working in education settings, directors of public health and wider partners.

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Obesity statistics

By House of Commons Library (2015)

This briefing gives statistics on obesity for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland with international comparisons. Breakdowns by age, gender, local authority and deprivation are given where possible, and data for both adult and child obesity is covered. In addition to statistics on the prevalence of obesity, this briefing gives statistics on prescriptions of drugs for obesity, trends in bariatric surgery, and the detrimental effect of obesity on health.

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Health and social care priorities for the Government: 2015-2020

By The Nuffield Trust (2015)

This briefing outlines ten possible key health and social care priorities for the new government, covering funding and finance, quality of care, new models of care and workforce.

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