Category Archives: Long-Term Conditions

Tackling obesity: what the UK can learn from other countries

By 2020 Health (2018)

2020health’s third report on obesity since 2014 highlights the fact that strong and mandated central policy, supporting bold, holistic local action, is still needed to impact what is arguably the greatest health challenge of the 21st century. The report examines topical obesity intervention strategies from around the world to frame the question: can the UK learn from policy abroad?

Click here to view this report

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Transforming health care in nursing homes

By The Nuffield Trust (2018)

This study finds that a new GP service offering seven-day-a-week support to four nursing homes has resulted in a 36 per cent reduction in emergency admissions to hospital, with the largest reductions happening during the last three months of a person’s life.

Click here to view this report

Effectiveness of interventions to reduce homelessness: a systematic review and meta-analysis

By Campbell Collaboration (2018)

This review assesses the effectiveness of interventions combining housing and case management as a means to reduce homelessness and increase residential stability for individuals who are homeless, or at risk of becoming homeless.

Click here to view this systematic review

Tackling multiple unhealthy risk factors: emerging lessons from practice

By The King’s Fund (2018)

Click here to view this report

  • Previous research by The King’s Fund has shown that unhealthy behaviours cluster in the population. Around seven in ten adults do not follow guidelines on tobacco use, alcohol consumption, healthy diet or physical activity, yet most behaviour change services address these behaviours separately, not reflecting the reality of people’s lives.
  • This report shares learning and insight from services that are using innovative ways to address the problem of multiple unhealthy risk factors in their populations. It draws on interviews and information from eight case studies in local authorities and the NHS and updates the evidence base on tackling multiple unhealthy risk factors.
  • Most services included in the report are local authority led and are integrated health and wellbeing services. These provide behavioural advice and support to people across a range of different behaviours, including smoking, weight management and physical activity.
  • The NHS is also addressing multiple unhealthy behaviours. We set out learning from two hospitals supporting individuals with multiple risk factors.
  • The evidence for these behaviour change services to draw on, in the context of multiple unhealthy risk factors, remains limited. These services are in a position to develop the evidence base on how best to address multiple unhealthy behaviours.
  • The report makes recommendations on how services can develop and share evidence, and for how the Department of Health and Social Care and Public Health England can support further innovation in such services.

Current, future and avoidable costs of stroke in the UK – Societal costs of stroke in the next 20 years and potential returns from increased spending on research

By The Stroke Association (2017)

This report estimates that the current cost of stroke to the UK is £26 billion every year, a threefold increase from the previous estimated cost of £9 billion. The figures also predict that a growing and ageing population, increasing numbers of stroke survivors, and rising care costs are crucial factors behind the increasing financial burden of stroke over the next 20 years.

Click here to view this report

Urban green space interventions and health

By WHO (2017)

This report aims to fill the knowledge gap on the benefits of urban green spaces. It outlines the results of an evidence review and an assessment of local case studies on urban green space interventions, and finds that increasing or improving urban green space can deliver positive health, social and environmental outcomes for all population groups, particularly among lower socioeconomic status groups. It highlights the need to include more health and equity outcomes in studies on green space interventions in future.

Click here to view this report

Dementia in older age: barriers to primary prevention and factors

By Public Health England (2017)

These evidence reviews, authored by the Personal Social Services Research Unit at the London School of Economics, aim to aid commissioners and researchers make decisions about prioritisation of primary prevention measures relevant to dementia. The reviews find evidence that changing some behaviours in midlife can reduce the chances of getting dementia in older age.

Click here to view these reviews